Thursday, September 11, 2008

Chrysler factory may get fewer jobs

Carmaker dismisses info; workers worried


Workers at the plant tell the Free Press that UAW leadership told them last week during a meeting that the new plant will have only about 400 jobs instead of 900.

Chrysler disputed the notion that fewer people would be working at the plant than previously announced. "This isn't a figure we've used in any of our discussions," David Elshoff, a Chrysler spokesman, said in an e-mail. "We're continuing to go ahead with the plan of record," he added.

Last year when Chrysler broke ground on the new plant in Marysville, the automaker said the factory would employ 900 people and produce 1.2 million axles annually when it reaches full volume.

The Marysville axle plant is part of a $3-billion investment in powertrains announced by Chrysler in February 2007.

The facility, which is slated to open in 2010, will replace the aging Detroit facility, which employs about 1,600 workers.

Detroit Axle workers were told they'd have a chance to transfer to the new location, union leaders said at the time. A UAW spokesman did not respond to questions Monday.

Last week, officials at both Chrysler and ZF Friedrichshafen AG confirmed that they were in talks over a potential deal involving the German supplier operating Chrysler's new Marysville plant.

Frank Ewasyshyn, Chrysler executive vice president of manufacturing, last week talked to reporters asking about the potential ZF deal.

"As we go through the deal and we proceed to wrap it up, we'll let you know how things are going. Right now they are one of the lead companies that are involved with the Marysville axle site," he said.

Chrysler to partner with ZF at new axle plant

David Barkholz and Robert Sherefkin

The UAW is telling Chrysler LLC axle workers that the carmaker intends to partner with German axle maker ZF Friedrichshafen AG to operate a new axle plant in Marysville, Mich.

The plant is under construction. Chrysler intends to open the plant in 2010.

Officials of the UAW were at Chrysler's Detroit Axle Plant this afternoon telling workers about the negotiations, said a source briefed about the talks. The $700 million Marysville plant would replace Detroit Axle and employ 900. It is scheduled to open in 2010.

ZF spokesman Frank Buscemi told Automotive News that his company is in talks with Chrysler to operate the automaker's Marysville axle plant. But there is no agreement.

"It is just a possibility," he said.

Chrysler, which wants to conserve capital, has been looking for ...


Crude falls $1.71 to settle at $100.87 a barrel, the lowest price since March 24, as traders fret over slumping demand.

2010 Dodge Ram 1500 to get 5.0-liter Diesel

Posted Today 08:04 AM by AutomobileStaff

2009 Dodge Ram 1500

Thanks to some keen observation by Mike Levine, we now have a strong indication as to the displacement of the upcoming diesel engine for the 2010 Dodge Ram 1500. Under the hood of the 2009 Dodge Ram 1500 pickup is a sticker that dictates the proper amount of air conditioning refrigerant. The sticker lists, in addition to the available 6.7-liter I-6 turbo-diesel for the 2500 and 3500 models, a 5.0-liter turbo-diesel engine as a possibility. This suggests that the 2010 Dodge Ram 1500 will offer a 5.0-liter V-8 turbo-diesel engine.

Dodge Viper Flips while Drifting

Dodge Viper Flips while Drifting
Chris Cook flipping his green Dodge Viper at NOPI Drift LA which was caught by Wrecked Magazine!

Chrysler Seeks Lift From New Dodge Ram Pickup

Auto Maker Hopes
To Drive Cash Flow
With Key Launch
September 11, 2008; Page B3

DETROIT -- A year ago, Cerberus Capital Management LP made an about $7 billion bet that it could turn around ailing Chrysler LLC. Now, with the auto maker's sales in a deep slump, Cerberus's best chance for salvaging the bet is riding on a single vehicle: the new Dodge Ram pickup.

The fully redesigned truck, which started arriving in dealerships this month, is Chrysler's biggest selling vehicle and its most profitable model. If the new Ram is a hit, it could lift Chrysler's revenue and move the company much closer to ending its operational losses and generating positive cash flow.

[Chrysler is making a big bet on its new 2009 Dodge Ram pickup, which it introduced in January with a herd of 120 long-horn cattle driven by 10 cowboys.]
Chrysler is making a big bet on its new 2009 Dodge Ram pickup, which it introduced in January with a herd of 120 long-horn cattle driven by 10 cowboys.

People familiar with the matter said Cerberus has planned on incoming cash to start exceeding its monthly expenses some time in 2009 -- the Ram's first full year in the market.

After a speech here Wednesday, Chrysler Vice Chairman Jim Press acknowledged the new pickup is a key product and its most important launch this year. But he insisted that Chrysler's chance of generating positive cash flow next year isn't "dependent on one model."

Mr. Press declined to predict when Chrysler's cash flow would turn positive. Cerberus has been slashing the Auburn Hills, Mich., auto maker's costs, cutting production and selling assets in hopes of making Chrysler a smaller and profitable company.

The hedge fund and private-equity firm a year ago acquired an 80.1% stake in Chrysler from Germany's Daimler AG in exchange for a promise to invest $5 billion in the auto maker and more than $1 billion in its financing arm.

But it's facing an uphill climb in Chrysler. The auto maker lost about $1.6 billion in 2007, and this year the auto market has steadily worsened. U.S. auto sales are off about 10% so far this year and 2009 is expected to be flat or weaker as housing woes and a sluggish economy sap demand.

Normally the launch of a redesigned Ram would put a charge into Chrysler's sales but the rise in gasoline prices has only complicated matters. In the past few months Americans have steered away from big trucks in favor of small, fuel-efficient cars. Through August, sales of full-size pickups are down 25%. Ram sales are down 29%, to 175,246 from 246,878 in the first eight months of 2007.

That represents a huge hit to the bottom line. Detroit's Big Three generally make about $8,000 in operating profit on each large truck they sell.

Moreover, the Ram will face tough competition. Ford Motor Co. is launching this fall an updated version of its F-150, the top-selling truck in the market.

[Thinning the Herd]

If the Ram isn't a home run, Chrysler has few other models immediately behind it in the pipeline to drive new sales. It has no major new-product launches in the works for 2009. Those coming in 2010 mainly include larger vehicles that many customers are now shunning: the Jeep Grand Cherokee and Dodge Durango, both sport-utility vehicles, and the Chrysler 300, a large, family sedan.

Chrysler is also supposed to launch a small car made by Nissan Motor Co., and may offer hybrids or electric vehicles developed by auto makers in 2010. But it's unclear whether these vehicles can generate significant volume or profit for Chrysler. Such rebadged models generally sell in limited numbers and have thin margins, said Michael Robinet, an automotive analyst at CSM Worldwide, which tracks and forecasts auto production.

"A lot of vehicles Chrysler has coming are of the large variety, which aren't selling right now," Mr. Robinet said. "I think it's fair to say Chrysler is going to be very challenged in the short term."

CSM forecasts Chrysler will produce only 1.55 million vehicles in 2009, about 500,000 fewer than this year and half as many as in 2005. Even with the new truck in the market, CSM predicts Chrysler's Ram output will fall in 2009 to 245,000 trucks, down from 280,000 this year.

Earlier this year Mr. Press and Chrysler Chief Executive Officer Robert Nardelli said Chrysler aims to sell roughly two million vehicles a year once its turnaround is complete.

Chrysler dealers believe they have a winner in the new Ram. The truck features a more lavish and comfortable interior and a new type of coil suspension that is supposed to give the vehicle a car-like ride. It will be available with "Rambox" compartments in the bed for storing tools and a rear camera to give drivers a view of what's behind when they are backing up.

"I've never been so excited about a new truck," said Steven Wolf, general manager of Helfman Dodge in Houston. "This thing looks bad -- and when I say bad, I mean it's good."

This Day in Auto History


Automobile Quarterly
Automobile Quarterly

John Joseph Schumann Jr. of the General Motors Acceptance Corporation is born in New York City
Sir Austin Ernest Bide of the British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd. is born in London, England
Gerald Greenwald of the Chrysler Corporation is born in St. Louis, MO
Peter Monteverdi introduces his first automobile, the Monteverdi 375 S High Speed, at the Frankfurt (West Germany) Automobile Show
Racer Ronnie Peterson dies at age 34 in Milan, Italy from injuries suffered when his Lotus-Cosworth crashed during the Italian Grand Prix at Monza

Source: Automobile History Day By Day, by Douglas A. Wick

Chrysler CPO wants "fierce" collaboration with automaker's supply base

Campi vows to rebuild relationships with automotive suppliers

By Tom Stundza -- Purchasing, 9/11/2008

John Campi, Chrysler's chief procurement officer for global sourcing, isn't happy with the cost of raw materials these days but told a recent auto industry conference that the Michigan automaker will do what it can to manage cost inflation until the commodity bubble bursts. More importantly, he says the company will work around cost inflation issues to rebuild partnerships with its suppliers of steel, nonferrous metals and other materials.

"All of us are kidding ourselves if we think there's a magic formula to solve the spike in pricing of steel, base metals and other raw materials," he told the International Congress of the Automotive Industry in Mexico City in July. "The North American auto industry, no matter how big a buyer of these materials it is, can't provide the leverage points to change demand or pricing these days."

Commodity price inflation has hit double-digit growth this year, doubling the cost of steel mill products used top make motor vehicles. Campi, who has been in the job for less than a year, oversees a Chrysler procurement organization that sources $40 billion annually. "There are many things I wish to change," he said in his speech, adding that "Chrysler never will give up quality to source a part to a lower-cost footprint."

But that doesn't mean that he plans to pull back on sourcing in Asia, Mexico, South America or Europe. In a report on the conference in the Automotive News newspaper, Campi says that "there's no issue of quality in China or anywhere if we pay attention and respect the environment we are in."

So, the best thing that Chrysler's supply chain can do "is to repair its relationship with its suppliers" and "rebuild the trust between us and our suppliers that we have managed to destroy" under previous managements. In a discussion with reporters on the sidelines of the meeting, Campi said that the fault lies in Auburn Hills for previous supply-base mismanagement. That's why he adds: "I'm dedicated to correcting this issue. I want fierce collaboration with our supply base."

In early August, for example, Chrysler's Diversity Supplier Development group recognized top suppliers who themselves worked with qualified minority suppliers to support the core values of the auto company's global sourcing organization.

IBM of Armonk, N.Y., was named 2008 Corporation of the Year for participating in 10 regional minority business development councils and employing a full-time global supplier diversity program director to lead a team of eight local supplier diversity program managers, as well as four additional employees supporting global initiatives. The efforts of these individuals has helped IBM to achieve their Chrysler minority spend objectives for seven consecutive years.

The Bartech Group talent acquisition and management firm was cited as the 2008 Minority Business Enterprise (MBE) of the Year. The Livonia, Mich., minority-owned firm spent $27 million with Tier 1 minority companies in 2007, a 300% improvement from the previous year's minority spending.

Chrysler exec lauds potential of Jeep brand

Jim Press outlines Chrysler's plans for technology and vehicle development.

DETROIT - The Jeep brand must not be devalued by less-rugged vehicles that don't live up to Jeep's off-road image, Jim Press, Chrysler LLC vice-chairman and president, told a roomful of auto writers yesterday.

"We need to keep it a genuine Jeep image, we can't dilute it by trying to sell out the volume of the brand on 'faux' Jeeps. We want to return to our roots and have trail-rated authentic Jeeps that have value," Mr. Press said during a speech here to members of the Automobile Press Association.

The auto executive, who left Toyota Motor Corp. a year ago to join Chrysler, also promised big changes for the privately held automaker, including a technology that he said will transform the automobile.

Specifically, Chrysler will introduce seven new models for 2010, some of which would include advanced drive systems, Mr. Press said.

Commenting further on Jeep, Mr. Press said, "Our customers are passionate about their vehicles," adding that many Jeep enthusiasts have the brand name tattooed on their bodies.

"There's a loyal owner body, and it's not only here, it's international. We don't really have an international market coverage. Not only could we expand Jeep and make it a deeper, richer, truer product, we don't have to really worry about volume."

"The global opportunity for Jeep is tremendous," he said.

But Chrysler has other initiatives with big potential, Mr. Press said.

Chrysler's new hybrid-electric ENVI advanced engineering project "is developing a series of vehicles that have different types of electric drive [components], from hybrids, plug-in hybrids … pure electrics - all electrified products. We're working diligently on those vehicles," the Chrysler president said.

Mr. Press said Chrysler is making progress on what the company calls "Project D" - a single-platform global vehicle framework that could be used in a new midsize car, a crossover, a sport utility vehicle, or even a truck at the same location. Chrysler considers Project D its top priority.

"We're moving from the laboratory as science experiments and onto the street. These are going to be very doable products, looking at production, and not just research," Mr. Press said.

Chrysler rolled out three concept vehicles at the 2008 Detroit International Auto Show, each of which had advanced drivetrain components designed to radically raise fuel efficiency and reduce harmful emissions. Mr. Press predicted future vehicles would be even more innovative, thanks to the engineering progress being made by Chrysler engineers.

"To sustain our ability to build and sell cars and trucks globally in the future, we've got to reduce our footprint on society," he said.

Mr. Press's hourlong talk included discussion of eliminating "duplicate" vehicles, such as the Dodge Nitro and Jeep Liberty. Another Chrysler executive said last week production of those vehicles might be halved.

Mr. Press said it made little sense to have Dodge Grand Caravans and Chrysler Town & Country minivans in the same showroom, and spend $100 million marketing each of the two models.

Private-equity firm Cerberus Capital Partners LP bought 80.1 percent of Chrysler from Germany's Daimler AG in August, 2007, in a $7.4 billion transaction, ending a stormy nine-year partnership. Daimler, which owns the remaining 19.9 percent, indicated through its own financial results last month that Chrysler lost an estimated $510 million in the first quarter.

Wednesday, September 10, 2008

Chrysler's Press: US automakers can be competitive

9/10/2008, 3:02 p.m. EDT
The Associated Press

DETROIT (AP) — Chrysler LLC Vice Chairman Jim Press said Wednesday that U.S. automakers have reached the start of a new era in which they can be competitive with foreign brands.

Press told the Automotive Press Association in Detroit that a new union contract that shifts retiree health care costs to a trust and allows lower wages for new hires has helped Chrysler and other automakers become leaner.

He said Chrysler has cut 1 million units of production in the past year to match the U.S. market, which has shrunk amid economic worries and higher gas prices. Chrysler sales are off 24 percent so far this year, while the overall market is down 11 percent.

Press hinted that Chrysler may dump one of its near-twin minivans to cut parallel costs. He said he envisions one of them morphing into a model that attracts a different market such as younger buyers, while the other model continues to focus on its traditional customer base.

Chrysler says parties interested in buying ViperBy David Bailey

DETROIT, Sept 10 (Reuters) - Chrysler LLC has drawn interest from international and North American parties for the possible sale of its high-performance Dodge Viper sports car line, Vice Chairman and President Jim Press told reporters on Wednesday.

Chrysler in late August announced it was exploring the sale of the Viper sports car business as part of its effort to generate cash and ride out the deepening U.S. auto industry downturn. The Viper is a low-volume V10-powered sports car first produced in 1992.

"We have been approached by outside individuals who want to work with us to buy the asset and sustain Viper going forward," Press told reporters after an Automotive Press Association event.

Viper needs development, and Chrysler is putting its money into advanced technology, Press said, adding later that the future of the automotive industry lies in the development of battery technology.

"Someone who is better able to make money in a business model that is hand-built 50 units at a time, those people can invest in the product, expand the product line and make it a much more robust vehicle," Press said. "I think that will preserve Viper to the fullest."

Press said it would not be necessary for Chrysler to retain any stake in the sports car line. He added that it was difficult for an organization to focus on building 300,000 vans per year profitably and low-volume hand-built sports cars.

Chrysler sold about 680 Viper sports cars in the first eight months of the year.

The privately held car company has struggled along with other automakers through a downturn in U.S. sales in recent years that has landed hardest on large trucks and SUVs.

Chrysler, which retained Lazard as its financial adviser on Viper, had said earlier that it had identified about $1 billion in non-earning assets for potential sale to raise cash. (Additional reporting by Poornima Gupta, editing by Gerald E. McCormick)

Chrysler's Press: US automakers can be competitive


By TOM KRISHER 09.10.08, 2:58 PM ETChrysler LLC Vice Chairman Jim Press said Wednesday that U.S. automakers have reached the start of a new era in which they can be competitive with foreign brands.

Press told the Automotive Press Association in Detroit that a new union contract that shifts retiree health care costs to a trust and allows lower wages for new hires has helped Chrysler and other automakers become leaner.

He said Chrysler has cut 1 million units of production in the past year to match the U.S. market, which has shrunk amid economic worries and higher gas prices. Chrysler sales are off 24 percent so far this year, while the overall market is down 11 percent.

Press said it still will take time for Chrysler to fix its entire business model, but the company is making progress. It is spending $3 billion developing plants and new vehicles each year and plans seven new vehicles in 2010, including the previously announced new Jeep Grand Cherokee and a subcompact car jointly produced with Nissan Motor Co. (nasdaq: NSANY - news - people )

Press said the credit crunch is Chrysler's biggest issue, not $4 per gallon gasoline. The automaker's financial unit last month was only able to renew $24 billion of its $30 billion in lines of credit, shortly after Chrysler Financial said it was getting out of the auto leasing business as it saw big drops in the values of trucks and SUVs at the end of their leases.

But Press predicted things will get better in 2010.

"Somewhere in 2010, in that area, there should be some improvement in the market," he said.

Press said the company is working on a new midsize car that is completely innovative and will make Chrysler competitive in the mainstream market. Its current offerings, the Chrysler Sebring and Dodge Avenger, have not sold well.

Press hinted that Chrysler may dump one of its near-twin minivans to cut parallel costs. He said he envisions one of them morphing into a model that attracts a different market such as younger buyers, while the other model continues to focus on its traditional customer base.

He also said the company met internal performance targets for the first six months of the year. Even though July was difficult, he said the company is within "spitting distance" of reaching those goals for the year.

Chrysler has said it's performing ahead of its own expectations, with $11.7 billion in cash on hand at the end of June and earnings of $1.1 billion in the first half of the year before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. That means it is making money from its core business of making and selling cars, but before financial obligations like paying taxes, servicing debt, deducting the value of aging assets and recording expenses that are taken over time.

As a privately held company, Chrysler isn't required to release financial information, and it didn't provide its net income or other details.

Private-equity firm Cerberus Capital Partners LP bought 80.1 percent of Chrysler from Germany's Daimler in August 2007 in a $7.4 billion transaction, ending a stormy nine-year partnership. Daimler AG, which owns the remaining 19.9 percent, indicated through its own financial results last month that Chrysler lost an estimated $510 million in the first quarter.

BREAKING NEWS: Dodge Viper program, one of the current bidders is now FORD.

2009 Dodge Ram 1500 Laramie: First Drive

The folks at Chrysler have been making a lot of waves on the sea of trucks with their non-traditional approach to the 2009 Dodge Ram 1500. Instead of leaving well-enough alone, for 2009 Dodge has re-done quite a bit — revamping the rear end with coil (rather than leaf) springs, rethought what a truck bed could do with the Rambox storage system and restyled the interior. Aside from the newly reskinned body, it's largely these three features which Chrysler hopes will differentiate the new Ram from its full-size truck competition, but as we all know, a truck is more than just the sum of its parts.

2009 Dodge Ram 1500 Laramie

2009 Dodge Ram 1500 - Interior

For us, a truck has always been about work. If it can't do what it was designed to do, there's something deeply flawed. With that in mind, let's take a look at the six-foot bed on the Laramie we tested. Dropping the tailgate, even sitting on 20" wheels, it rests right about thigh height; perfect for getting things off the ground yet not so high it's a problem for lift-over. The cargo box comes from the factory naked, without a bed mat or spray-in liner. The new Ram's bed walls have lost the normal wheel well bumps in favor of vertical walls, giving them space for one of the Ram's newest features. It's called the Rambox, a lockable, weather-sealed set of little trunks on either side of the bed. It's a pretty great idea from the perspective of utility. You can toss power tools, backpacks full of gear, a couple bags of groceries, ice with tasty beverages (and then drain the water, there are rubber drain plugs) — really, whatever you want in there and not have it rolling around in the cab. Our only beef with it is caused by the Federal government. Since it's an enclosed, latching space, they had to build in a fluorescent t-bar pull handle to release the lid in case, you know, a kid somehow manages to wedge themselves in the Rambox. Somehow.

Inside, the Ram gets things done just as Rams have been doing since they revolutionized the truck market in the ‘90s — with smart design and good ergonomics. Our Lariat was equipped with a column shifter and an origami folding bench seat — the center arm rest opens for a decent-sized, flat storage area, but it also folds up to create a seat and then the center seat bottom also folds up and reveals a second storage area underneath. It's even got bins under the floor in the back underneath the carpets — not really designed to carry contraband, but useful nonetheless. The Ram has more cubbyholes and storage doodads than an IKEA megastore. The back seats are quite comfortable as well, with a DVD player in the back to keep your annoying friends, small children or our Editor-in-Chief quiet and a 60/40 split seat which folds up to allow a flatish load floor. The rear seat doesn't fold as easily as GM's twin GMT-900 pickups, but it's a commendable effort. The wood and chrome trim a decent synthetic wood and induces no complaints (other than it looks better on the doors than on the dash), fit and finish are quite good and all the gadgetry mechanisms feel like they'll stand up to years of abuse.

But that interior stuff is for the birds when your talkin' work, right? What about the powertrain? Our test truck was equipped with a 5.7-liter HEMI V8 good for 380 HP and 404 lb-ft of torque, no slouch to say the least, with a five-speed automatic transmission sending the power to the part-time four wheel drive system, complete with a 4.10 final drive. Turn off the traction control and it'll roast the tires with little complaint, but what about with a trailer?

Loaded down with a 6500 LB trailer, and set for "Tow/Haul" mode, which changes the shift points higher up the rev range; the truck pulls off on the drag strip without a whiff of burden. Heck, even up a massive 7.2% grade on a local automakers test facility, the Dodge pulls like a freight train. The going gets slow after about 55 mph on a grade like that, but unless you're drag racing with your boat up to the continental divide, you shouldn't have a problem.

To top off the testing we ventured into the realm of the ridiculous but ridiculously entertaining — autocrossing this full-sized pickup truck. Yes, we tossed it into a course containing a high-speed slalom, tight corners, staggered surface conditions, moose-avoidance test, and some devious chicanery. The Ram, with its coil springs in the rear, proved quite tossable. In the slalom, it managed acceptable speeds but would understeer mightily if pushed too far, with traction control turned off; the throttle could be used to manage the slalom a bit better. Panic braking was delivered confidently and the ABS feedback was smooth. Sweeping corners where met with a planted feel but the chassis could be upset with a bit of sawing on the wheel. We noticed some reluctance from the throttle when coming out of particularly nasty corners, but when the traction control was disabled, tail-out fun was only a pedal tap away. When not being tossed about violently, the Ram had a markedly smooth road character, lacking the bouncy feel trucks have been known for. The steering has a pretty average turning ratio and manages to be firm yet invisible. It's certainly not sporty but for a vehicle of this size, it'll get the heartbeat racing if you're silly enough to go racing in it.

Despite the recent downturn in full-sized truck sales it's hard to argue against the utility of the pickup, especially in crew cab configuration, it's a vehicle with unparalleled capabilities and flexibility. Try hauling the whole family, a week's worth of groceries, and a cubic yard of fill dirt in your Accord. Then do it uphill, while towing a trailer. Good luck. Especially with today's deals on pricing, the Ram offers a strong option for those looking for the latest and greatest with a HEMI badge on the side, but more than that it offers solid storage innovation and a comfortable, quiet cabin with plenty of room for four, even six in a pinch. It has the sort of the paired-down luxury plus high capability that truck buyers have come to expect, along with new features they'll be happy to adopt.

Patent Updates

1 7,424,344 Full-Text HVAC control using modulated evaporator outlet temperature
2 7,422,130 Full-Text Retractable cross rail for vehicle roof rack
3 D576,529 Full-Text Vehicle rear bumper
4 D576,524 Full-Text Automobile body
5 D576,090 Full-Text Vehicle front fender
6 7,421,325 Full-Text Automatic transmission calibration method
7 7,418,950 Full-Text Fuel pump and tank assembly for an automotive vehicle
8 D575,701 Full-Text Vehicle hood
9 D575,697 Full-Text Vehicle rear bumper
10 D575,696 Full-Text Vehicle front bumper
11 D575,695 Full-Text Vehicle rear bumper
12 D575,694 Full-Text Vehicle front bumper
13 7,416,510 Full-Text Control of a vehicle powertrain with multiple prime movers
14 7,416,247 Full-Text Retractable vehicle roof system
15 7,416,242 Full-Text Reinforcement plate
16 7,416,235 Full-Text Dual sliding center console
17 7,416,211 Full-Text Safety system for an automobile
18 7,415,954 Full-Text Rocker shaft arrangement for an engine
19 7,415,903 Full-Text Method and system for an impact sled footwell intrusion test
20 7,415,872 Full-Text Method and code for determining characteristic of road surface beneath moving vehicle
21 7,413,259 Full-Text Hub and extension arrangement for an axle having dual wheels
22 7,413,231 Full-Text Truck cargo bed management system
23 7,413,229 Full-Text Holder for an electronic device
24 7,413,211 Full-Text Deactivation arrangement for a vehicle park assist system
25 D574,298 Full-Text Automobile body